What is a CMR Certificate? How is the CMR Convention Organized?

What is a CMR Certificate? How is the CMR Convention Organized?

CMR stands for “Convention Marchandise Routier”. It is a document that describes the obligations of the carrier by setting the conditions to be followed in accordance with the CMR agreement in international road transport truck shipments. The information contained in this cargo transport document, the name and address of the exporter company, the name and address of the importer company, the place where the goods will be delivered, the delivery method, the place and date of shipment, the type of goods, the special transport code, if any, the special transport code, the packaging type and the number of goods, gross Information such as weight, cause the document is of legal nature. This document is prepared in triplicate.


The answer to the question of what the CMR Convention means confirming the transport document of the contract. However, the absence or loss of instruction does not affect the validity of this convention. In order for the provisions of the convention to be valid, some information must be shown on the note and transferred to the other party. There is no specific format for the issuance of the CMR transport document, a note on import or export or sale from various sources is used.


What Does the CMR Agreement Include? How to Fill?

After the answers to the questions of what it is and how it is regulated, what does the CMR convention include and how to fill it comes the questions. There are many examples of the CMR convention prepared in different formats. It does not have any standard, it can be created using Excel or Word program as preference. This convention must be completed in 3 original copies. These original copies are distributed to two trading companies and the third paper is given to the carrier company. This transported product should be stored to prevent future problems. While the transport document prepared for delivery is delivered to the buyer, all the savings and usage rights of the products are delivered to the other party in accordance with the legal conditions. The CMR convention in question can be forwarded to the other party using e-mail, EDI.


CMR Document Example

What is a CMR document answer is a transport document prepared for international, domestic and international road transport. Since this document is legal in terms of information, it should be prepared in 3 original copies in a correct and complete manner. The information contained in the document; exporter company name and address, importer company name and address, place where the goods will be delivered, delivery method according to INCOTERMS, loading place and date, type of goods, special transport code if any, packaging type and number of goods, gross weight, vehicle Includes plate information. It is applied not only on the road, but also in sea, air and railway transports by changing shape. It can be prepared in Excel or Word.


CMR Insurance and Coverage Areas

General terms of CMR insurance, transportation must be carried out by road. Loading or stacking operations may be in different countries. In order to comply with the CMR convention, at least one country must be a party to the CMR and the transport must be an international transport. It must be a transported goods or cargo. There must be a debt/credit relationship between the parties arising from the transportation of the cargo. We have answered the question of what are the coverage areas, and now the answer to the question of what are the items out of coverage; It includes transports made in accordance with international postal agreements, funeral transports, household goods or personal belongings. It does not apply to these transports and does not include insurance coverage. So what is their scope is an important question.


Countries Adopting the CMR Convention

Countries where it is applied and which are parties to the contract, Albania, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, since 2009. Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Lebanon, Luxemburg, Malta, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain , Sweden,- Switzerland, Syria, Arabia, Tajikistan, Macedonia, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, England, Uzbekistan have become parties. In Turkey, it became a party to the “Contract of Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road” in 1995. It was published in the Official Gazette with the number 22161 and entered into force.


Responsibilities of Importer and Exporter

The answer to the question of what are the responsibilities of importers and exporters; The accuracy of the information in the transport convention and the details declared by the exporting company must reach the other party in writing, minus and correctly, so the exporter who prepared the document should be careful while preparing it. The person who buys the goods must be informed in advance with this document if there is a defect in the goods. The collection and preparation of all documents required by the customs, the payment of receivables and debts within the specified time, taking precautions in advance if the goods are in the category of dangerous goods, this information should be notified in advance to both the buyer and the company providing the shipment with a CMR note. In this way, possible problems are prevented.


What is the abbreviation of CMR?

The answer to the question of what is the expansion of CMR; Convention Marchandise Routier. This is known as the international road transport contract. The rules required by the convention were made into the transport standards of the contracting countries and became the document defining the legal obligations of road transport activities. According to the document, the insurance coverage of the goods to be made on the highways and the conditions outside this scope are explained. More than 50 countries have become parties to this agreement.


What is CMR Insurance?

The answer to the question of what is Convention Marchandise Routier insurance is the liability and liability insurance that explains and guarantees the legal liabilities of these losses due to the damages that will occur against the goods they undertake to transport, while carrying out the transportation operations of at least a different country by road transport. It determines the responsibilities of the carrier and other parties.


What is E-CMR?

Companies that carry out logistics and transportation activities by land may prefer e-CMR, the digital version of CMR. With this digital transaction, obligations and responsibilities are transmitted to the other party more accurately and faster. This document bill of lading in digital format provides many benefits. The benefit of the e-CMR is that it harmonizes the contracting of goods transported by road with the convention.

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